Christine de Pizan
Christine de Pizan, Christine de Pisan
Cristina de Pisa (1364 en Venecia - hacia 1430 en el monasterio
de Poissy) fue una poetisa medieval francesa.
Christine de Pizan (1363 -
c.1434) was one of the best known female writers of the medieval
era. There has been a resurgence of interest in her works in recent
years, among the most famous of which is The Book of the City of
Ladies.She was a Venetian-born woman of the medieval era who
strongly challenged misogyny and stereotypes prevalent in the
male-dominated realm of the arts. As a poet, she was well-known and
highly regarded in her own day.
Christine de Pizan instructing
her son, from Wikipedia
She spent most of her childhood
and all of her adult life primarily in France and then the abbey at
Poissy, and wrote entirely in her adoptive tongue of Middle French.
Her early courtly poetry is marked by her knowledge of aristocratic
custom and fashion of the day, particularly involving women and the
practice of chivalry; her early and later allegorical and didactic
treatises reflect both autobiographical information about her life
and views and also her own individualized and protofeminist approach
to the scholastic learned tradition of mythology, legend, and
history she inherited from clerical scholars and to the genres and
courtly or scholastic subjects of contemporary French and Italian
poets she admired. Supported and encouraged by important royal French and English patrons,
Christine had a profound influence on fifteenth-century English
poetry. Christine completed forty-one pieces during her thirty-year
career (1399 - 1429). She earned her accolade as Europe's first
professional woman writer. Her success stems from a wide range of
innovative writing and rhetorical techniques that critically
challenged renowned male writers, such as Jean de Meun who, to
Christine's dismay, incorporated misogynist beliefs within their
literary works. She married in 1380, at the age of 15.
In recent decades, Christine's work has been
returned to prominence by the efforts of scholars such as Charity
Cannon Willard, Earl Jeffrey Richards and Simone de Beauvoir.
Certain scholars have argued that she should be seen as an early
feminist who efficiently used language to convey that women could
play an important role within society. This characterization has
been challenged by other critics who claim either that it is an
anachronistic use of the word, or that her beliefs were not
progressive enough to merit such a designation.