Christine De Pizan (1363-c1434)

Christine De Pizan

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Christine de Pizan (1363-c1434)


Christine de Pizan, Christine de Pisan  Cristina de Pisa (1364 en Venecia - hacia 1430 en el monasterio de Poissy) fue una poetisa medieval francesa.

Christine de Pizan (1363 - c.1434) was one of the best known female writers of the medieval era. There has been a resurgence of interest in her works in recent years, among the most famous of which is The Book of the City of Ladies.She was a Venetian-born woman of the medieval era who strongly challenged misogyny and stereotypes prevalent in the male-dominated realm of the arts. As a poet, she was well-known and highly regarded in her own day.

Christine de Pizan instructing her son, from Wikipedia

Summary

She spent most of her childhood and all of her adult life primarily in France and then the abbey at Poissy, and wrote entirely in her adoptive tongue of Middle French. Her early courtly poetry is marked by her knowledge of aristocratic custom and fashion of the day, particularly involving women and the practice of chivalry; her early and later allegorical and didactic treatises reflect both autobiographical information about her life and views and also her own individualized and protofeminist approach to the scholastic learned tradition of mythology, legend, and history she inherited from clerical scholars and to the genres and courtly or scholastic subjects of contemporary French and Italian poets she admired.  Supported and encouraged by important royal French and English patrons, Christine had a profound influence on fifteenth-century English poetry. Christine completed forty-one pieces during her thirty-year career (1399 - 1429). She earned her accolade as Europe's first professional woman writer. Her success stems from a wide range of innovative writing and rhetorical techniques that critically challenged renowned male writers, such as Jean de Meun who, to Christine's dismay, incorporated misogynist beliefs within their literary works. She married in 1380, at the age of 15.

In recent decades, Christine's work has been returned to prominence by the efforts of scholars such as Charity Cannon Willard, Earl Jeffrey Richards and Simone de Beauvoir. Certain scholars have argued that she should be seen as an early feminist who efficiently used language to convey that women could play an important role within society. This characterization has been challenged by other critics who claim either that it is an anachronistic use of the word, or that her beliefs were not progressive enough to merit such a designation.